Grasses & Legumes

Grasses

Grasses – Characteristics Comparative Chart
GrassesIntended
Use(s)
CompetitiveWinter
Survival
Drought
Toleranc
e
Salinity
Tolerance
Flood
Tolerance
Meadow
Bromegrass
Pasture, HayGGGM1-2 weeks
Smooth
Bromegrass
Pasture, HayEGGM2-4 weeks
Crested
Wheatgrass
Pasture, HayEEEMup to 2 weeks
TimothyHayP to MGPP1-2 weeks
Intermediate
Wheatgrass
Pasture, HayMGGMup to 1 week
Creeping Red FescueTurf, pastureGGPMup to 2 weeks
Kentucky
Bluegrass
Grazing, turfMEMPup to 2 weeks
Pubescent
Wheatgrass
Pasture, HayEGGMup to 1 week
Tall WheatgrassPasture, HayPEPEup to 5 weeks
Altai Wild RyegrassPastureMGEEnone
Russian Wild
Ryegrass
PastureEEEGup to 1 week
Creeping
Foxtail
Pasture, HayEGPMup to 4 weeks
Meadow
Foxtail
Pasture, HayEGPP2-4 weeks
OrchardgrassPasture, HayPPMPup to 1 week
Tall FescuePasture, HayGMMG2-4 weeks
Green NeedlegrassPasturePGMPup to 1 week
Northern WheatgrassPasture, HayGEEMup to 2 weeks
Slender WheatgrassHayMGMG2-5 weeks
Western WheatgrassPasture, HayGEEMup to 5 weeks
Reed CanarygrassPasture, HayEGMP5-8 weeks
E = excellent, G = good, M == moderate, P = poor

Legumes

Legumes – Characteristics Comparative Chart
LegumesHeat
/Drought
WetWinter InjuryFrequent
cutting/ grazing
Soil SalinitySoil
Acidity
Seedling
Vigor
Ruminant
AlfalfaEPGFFFGYes
Alsike CloverPEPPFGGYes
Birdsfoot trefoilFEFGFGPNo
Cicer milkvetchGFEFFFPNo
Red CloverFFFFFGEYes
Sweet CloverEPEPGPGYes

E=excellent, G = good, F=fair, P=poor

Grasses & Legumes FAQ

Is grass a legume?

No, grass is not a legume.

What is the best grass to plant for hay?

This depends on a number of factors:

  1. Soil texture: sandy, sandy loam, loam, clay loam, clay
  2. Purpose of Hay Use: blending with poor hay, high protein requirements
  3. Field Moisture: Flooding length, saturation length
  4. Salinity level: low, median, high
  5. Acidity Level: Low, medium, high

When should I plant pasture grass seed?

The best time frames to plant pasture seed in Saskatchewan is early spring May 1 to June 1 or fall seeding from August 10- Sept 10, depending on moisture conditions.

How long does it take for pasture seeds to germinate?

Grass and legume seeds take approximately 14 to 21 days to germinate BUT may not notice seedlings to emerge until 30 days after seeding.

At what temperature will grass seed germinate?

Grass seed requires a soil temperature of +10 °C to germinate.

Can you put down too much grass seed?

Yes, if you seed at too high of a rate your field could become root bound at a faster rate. When hayland or pastures become root bound production decreases.

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