Grasses & Legumes
|Grasses – Characteristics Comparative Chart|
|Pasture, Hay||G||G||G||M||1-2 weeks|
|Pasture, Hay||E||G||G||M||2-4 weeks|
|Pasture, Hay||E||E||E||M||up to 2 weeks|
|Timothy||Hay||P to M||G||P||P||1-2 weeks|
|Pasture, Hay||M||G||G||M||up to 1 week|
|Creeping Red Fescue||Turf, pasture||G||G||P||M||up to 2 weeks|
|Grazing, turf||M||E||M||P||up to 2 weeks|
|Pasture, Hay||E||G||G||M||up to 1 week|
|Tall Wheatgrass||Pasture, Hay||P||E||P||E||up to 5 weeks|
|Altai Wild Ryegrass||Pasture||M||G||E||E||none|
|Pasture||E||E||E||G||up to 1 week|
|Pasture, Hay||E||G||P||M||up to 4 weeks|
|Pasture, Hay||E||G||P||P||2-4 weeks|
|Orchardgrass||Pasture, Hay||P||P||M||P||up to 1 week|
|Tall Fescue||Pasture, Hay||G||M||M||G||2-4 weeks|
|Green Needlegrass||Pasture||P||G||M||P||up to 1 week|
|Northern Wheatgrass||Pasture, Hay||G||E||E||M||up to 2 weeks|
|Slender Wheatgrass||Hay||M||G||M||G||2-5 weeks|
|Western Wheatgrass||Pasture, Hay||G||E||E||M||up to 5 weeks|
|Reed Canarygrass||Pasture, Hay||E||G||M||P||5-8 weeks|
|E = excellent, G = good, M == moderate, P = poor|
- Armada Meadow Bromegrass
- Creeping Red Fescue
- Kentucky Bluegrass
- Reed Canary Grass
- Slender Wheatgrass
- Smooth Bromegrass
- Tall Fescue
- Tall Wheatgrass
|Legumes – Characteristics Comparative Chart|
E=excellent, G = good, F=fair, P=poor
Grasses & Legumes FAQ
Is grass a legume?
No, grass is not a legume.
What is the best grass to plant for hay?
This depends on a number of factors:
- Soil texture: sandy, sandy loam, loam, clay loam, clay
- Purpose of Hay Use: blending with poor hay, high protein requirements
- Field Moisture: Flooding length, saturation length
- Salinity level: low, median, high
- Acidity Level: Low, medium, high
When should I plant pasture grass seed?
The best time frames to plant pasture seed in Saskatchewan is early spring May 1 to June 1 or fall seeding from August 10- Sept 10, depending on moisture conditions.
How long does it take for pasture seeds to germinate?
Grass and legume seeds take approximately 14 to 21 days to germinate BUT may not notice seedlings to emerge until 30 days after seeding.
At what temperature will grass seed germinate?
Grass seed requires a soil temperature of +10 °C to germinate.
Can you put down too much grass seed?
Yes, if you seed at too high of a rate your field could become root bound at a faster rate. When hayland or pastures become root bound production decreases.